Plastic Properties of Polyvinylchloride (PVC)


Polyvinylchloride (PVC) has a linear structure similar to polyethylene but with a chlorine atom replacing a hydrogen atom on alternate carbon atoms. PVC itself is hard and rigid but the addition of phthalate esters as plasticizers makes it soft and pliable and ideal for gloves, photographic dishes and tubing. Polyvinylchloride is generally transparent with a bluish tint. It is attacked by many organic solvents but it has a very good resistance to oils and it has a low permeability to gases. In its rigid form PVC is available in sheets which can readily be welded to produce tanks, trays and troughs. It is not recommended for use above 70° Celsius although it can be taken to 80° for short periods. Dynalab Corp's plastic fabrication shop fabricates thousands of catalog and custom PVC products.

PVC fabrication quote request.

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1085 series PVC tubing Machined PVC machine disks
Smooth and flexible PVC tubing is chemical resistant with a specific gravity of 1.2 and a tensile strength of 2000 psi. Our Vinyl Food Grade Tubing is designed for use in the laboratory with an elongation of 400% and excellent aging characteristics. PVC is a great product for machining. Above shows two disks as well as a small section of machined piping.

PVC Resistance:

Polyvinylchloride Quick Facts:

  • Excellent resistance (no attack) to Dilute and Concentrated Acids, Alcohols, Bases, Aliphatic Hydrocarbons and Mineral Oils
  • Good resistance (minor attack) to Vegetable Oils and Oxidizing Agents
  • Limited resistance (moderate attack and suitable for short term use only) to Aldehydes
  • Poor resistance (not recommended for use) with Aldehydes, Esters, Aromatic and Halogenated Hydrocarbons, and Ketones
  • Maximum Temperature: 158°F 70°C
  • Minimum Temperature: -13°F -25°C
  • Autoclavable: No
  • Melting Point: 176°F 80°C
  • Tensile Strength: 6,500 psi
  • Hardness: R105
  • UV Resistance: Good
  • Clear
  • Rigid
  • Specific Gravity: 1.34

Polyvinylchloride Fabrication:

Additional Information

  • This unique material is glueable and weldable
  • Supplied in gray, white, and clear, in sheet, rod, or tubing
  • PVC is very machineable and heat bends nicely
  • This is a popular material for tanks and fittings
  • PVC is commonly used for nuts, bolts, ducts, hoods, and process tanks
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Additional Plastic Properties

 Polycarbonate  High Density Polyethylene  Low Density Polyethylene Nylon  PVC
 PTFE Acrylic  ABS Polypropylene  Acetal